What Is Dandruff The Causes And Symptoms
Dandruff is a very common condition of the scalp that results in dry skin flakes, which end up caught in a persons hair or on their clothes. According to the American Academy of Dermatology , it generally doesnt require medical treatment, but it can be itchy and uncomfortable, as well as embarrassing to those having to deal with it. Here are the causes:
A yeast imbalance.Theres a type of yeast in all of our bodies called malassezia, part of our bodys normal microbiome, says Dr. Gohara. Dandruff, or seborrhea, is caused by an overgrowth of that.
An oily scalp. Dandruff can also be associated with increased oil production of the scalp, says Dr. Gohara, evidenced by greasy hair or an oily scalp.
A scalp thats overly dry. Dandruff can also be the result of a too-dry scalp, says Dr. Gohara. Also, flaking can be caused by using too many products in the hair, or not washing products out properly but this isnt the same thing as dandruff.
How Does Something Like A Coal Tar Solution Work And How Often Is It Used
Coal tar solutions have actually been used in dermatological practices for over a century. It has a powerful anti-inflammatory affect that is helpful in controlling the inflammation that is common in dandruff causing conditions. It has helps break down the thick scaling that is produced by mild to severe over production of cells that is most common in psoriasis.
Neutrogena T-Gel Therapeutic Shampoo should be used only twice a week unless otherwise directed by a doctor. It is simply massaged into the scalp thoroughly and left to sit for several minutes before being rinsed out. You can use a conditioner on the hair further from the scalp but you do not want to wash the scalp itself until your next shower. You need to be particularly careful to not get it in your eyes, mouth, or nose while rinsing and if you do, be sure to flush it out quickly and completely. Coal tar can be highly irritating to mucosa tissue found in those and other regions of the body.
Does Coal Tar Shampoo Cause Any Side Effects
In some cases, coal tar shampoo can aggravate an already sensitive scalp. Side effects include irritation, burning, redness, and itchiness. If you experience such effects, stop using the product and call your doctor.
Coal tar shampoo can also increase your scalps sensitivity to the sun, increasing your risk of burns. Be sure to wear hats when outdoors while youre using this type of shampoo. You may also consider applying scalp sunscreen if needed.
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Ingredients To Look For
The following ingredients can help reduce itchiness and flakes, as well as gently soften and remove thick scale.
- Hydrocortisone is a mild corticosteroid that can decrease itching and inflammation.
- Coal tar decreases skin cell growth and helps the scalp shed dead skin cells.
- Salicylic acid is a âkeratolytic,â or peeling agent, that helps soften and remove thick scale. Once scale is removed, other medications will be able to penetrate the skin more easily, potentially increasing effectiveness.
Dermasolve Medicated Shampoo Plus Conditioner
Best Steroid-Free Shampoo
Experience immediate relief from scalp psoriasis symptoms with Dermasolves Medicated Shampoo Plus Conditioner.
Formulated with salicylic acid as well as naturally sourced vitamins, proteins, and minerals, this medicated shampoo from Dermasolve helps eliminate symptoms associated with psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and dandruff.
Dermasolves Medicated Shampoo Plus Conditioner uses salicylic acid to keep psoriasis symptoms under control.
Thanks to this ingredient, this shampoo is able to control crusty build-up normally associated with scalp psoriasis while at the same time preventing the recurrence of symptoms.
This steroid-free medicated shampoo leaves your hair feeling soft, conditioned, and more manageable with each wash and is gentle enough for use even on color-treated hair.
For a healthier scalp free of psoriasis symptoms and softer hair, we recommend Dermasolves Medicated Shampoo Plus Conditioner.
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The Pros And Cons Of Neutrogena T
- Some of the biggest advantages to using the shampoo lay in the pricing and how infrequent it has to be used by most to be effective. It is available for around $11 for a 6 ounce bottle with often better pricing on bulk packaging. It tends to last a fair amount of time for most people as the general directions specify to only use it twice a week, which make it something to add to your grooming routine but not to replace your primary shampoo.
- It is not only recommended by doctors, but by the company as well to use it as part of alternating therapies to help treat dandruff.
- For many people, coal tar solutions are the only effective treatment for their severe dandruff causing conditions.
- It does not have the most pleasant of smells. Even with the addition of fragrances, coal tar has a pungent aroma that can be hard to tolerate.
- Despite having moisturizes added to the shampoo, a lot of users remark that even if it works on the dandruff and scalp, it can leave the hair dried out and brittle. Though, using a good leave in conditioner and having a good moisturizing shampoo system that you use on the days you dont use the T-Gel can help to easily counteract the dryness, and the smell while unpleasant, does fade away.
T/gel Shampoo Side Effects
Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.
- Skin irritation
- Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the medicine’s manufacturer. For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine is not known to affect other medicines.
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Who Shouldn’t Use T/gel Shampoo
Anyone who has infected, inflamed or broken areas of skin should not use T/Gel shampoo nor anyone allergy or sensitivity to coal tar.
This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy. If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
What To Look For In A Psoriasis Shampoo
There are two main things a psoriasis shampoo should feature:
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If It’s Scalp Psoriasis Are There Lifestyle Factors To Consider
One thing people should be aware of is that stress can worsen psoriasis, because stress increases the hormone cortisol, which in turn increases inflammation, says Dr. Gohara. So it makes sense to focus on whatever you can do to lower your tension level, whether that means taking yoga classes, practicing mindfulness, carving out time to relax and read or reaping the benefits of daily reflective walks.
Another concern among those with scalp psoriasis is whether its safe to dye ones hair. I would never tell someone to avoid coloring their hair, but its true that psoriasis tends to emerge in areas of the body that are under pressure or trauma, says Dr. Gohara. Hair dye, styling products and chemicals can cause trauma to one’s skin. So yes, people with scalp psoriasis can get a flare up from coloring their hair. Its a good idea to have a conversation with your stylist about using gentle formulas.
How Does T/gel Shampoo Work
T/Gel shampoo contains coal tar extract as the active ingredient. Coal tar has been used in skin conditions for hundreds of years, but it is still not fully understood how it works, mainly because it is made up of so many different compounds.
Coal tar has mild antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects, and relieves itching. It is also absorbed into the skin cells and is thought to inhibit DNA replication in these cells. This slows down cell division and stops the cells from multiplying excessively. In turn, this reduces thickening and scaling of the skin.
Coal tar may also work by breaking down keratin, a protein that forms part of the skin structure. This helps the skin cells shed from the treated area, thus reducing the thickening and scaling.
T/Gel shampoo is used to treat scaly, itchy skin conditions affecting the scalp, such as psoriasis, seborrhoeic dermatitis or dandruff.
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Coal Tar Side Effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction:hives difficult breathing swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using Neutrogena T/Gel and call your doctor at once if you have:
severe stinging, burning, swelling, or other irritation of the treated skin.
Common side effects may include mild skin irritation or skin rash.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Kenkoderm Psoriasis 3% Salicylic Acid Therapeutic Shampoo
While there is no cure for scalp psoriasis, removing the scaly buildup can make you feel less self-conscious and increase your overall comfort. Kenkoderms shampoo includes 3% salicylic acid which, as previously mentioned, helps remove these rough patches. According to MedlinePlus, the ingredient is used to treat a variety of troublesome skin conditionseverything from acne to corns and calluses. But be aware that it can take weeks to see results. Still, use this shampoo according to its package instructions and consult a doctor about any concerns.
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Mederma Aqua Glycolic Shampoo And Body Cleanser
“All that scale builds up with nowhere to go ,” Dr. Kunin says. “Aqua Glycolic Shampoo is your glycolic acid alternative for removing scales and crusts.”
It contains salicylic and glycolic acids , which break up debris, “leaving your scalp flake-free and your hair luxurious,” she says.
Both salicylic and glycolic acid-based shampoos also help remove oil buildup, which is crucial to hair care.
Buy it:Walmart.com Price: $20.51
When To See A Doctor
If you suspect you have scalp psoriasis, you should schedule an appointment with a doctor. They may examine your scalp to rule out other conditions before sending you to a dermatologist for further evaluation and treatment.
If you dont already have a dermatologist, the Healthline FindCare tool can help you find a physician in your area.
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Head And Shoulders Clinical Strength Shampoo
Best For Milder Psoriasis
Head and shoulders is a well-known brand that produces cleansers for dandruff.
But this clinical strength version of their regular shampoo is fantastic for milder scalp psoriasis.
The chief ingredient here is 1 percent of Selenium Sulfide. It helps with cleansing the scalp of crusty flakes and controlling inflammation.
You can also use this shampoo for color-treated hair.
How Do You Get Rid Of The Coal Tar Shampoo Smell
Some brands contain added fragrances to help mask the strong smell of coal tar. However, coal tar has a strong scent that may still linger despite fragrances. Moreover, sensitive skin may react negatively to perfumes added to shampoo.
You may not be able to get rid of the coal tar smell entirely, but you can help reduce it by using leave-in detangling and conditioning sprays on towel-dried hair.
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What Are Treatments For Dandruff
There are specific over-the-counter shampoos that are designed to treat dandruff, according to the AAD. They contain different ingredients, including salicylic acid , zinc pyrithione , coal tar , and selenium sulfide . And theres also an OTC anti-yeast shampoo thats used to treat dandruff, says Dr. Gohara. Prescription options are also available through your dermatologist.
Dr. Gohara adds that anti-yeast medications are sometimes used to treat dandruff, as well as anti-inflammatory topical steroids .
Mg217 Psoriasis Medicated Conditioning 3% Coal Tar Shampoo
Dr. Skotnicki agrees that psoriasis products that are tar-based and contain salicylic acid are tops when looking for important ingredients. Less important? Shampoos containing zinc or antifungal ingredients do not help, she says. MG217 contains 3% coal tar, which is on the higher end for over-the-counter medicated shampoos. Dr. Skotnicki says the following symptoms are common for those suffering from scalp psoriasis: dry scalp, itching, and sometimes burning and soreness. Some hair loss can be expected as the itching is severe, but this hair loss is not permanent, she adds.
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Given The Pros And Cons What Do You Think Of Neutrogenas T
Its patented all natural and powerful coal tar formula is commonly recommended by dermatologists and many patients have had splendid results from using it. Though, not everyone will have the same experience, as illustrated by the few cons and complaints. Have you tried using Neutrogena T-Gel Therapeutic Shampoo? What did you think of it? Did it work for your particular dandruff condition, or did you find another brand of coal tar shampoo that worked better? If youd like to share your experiences, I invite you to please leave a comment below. You can even let us know if you think there is a better therapy than coal tar shampoos.
How To Use T/gel Shampoo
The shampoo should be massaged into wet hair and the scalp for several minutes until a rich lather is produced. Rinse thoroughly then repeat the procedure.
Use one to three times a week as necessary, or as directed by your doctor.
This medicine is for external use only.
Avoid getting the shampoo in the eyes. Rinse with water if accidental contact occurs.
If skin irritation occurs, stop using the shampoo and consult your doctor.
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Neutrogena T/gel Therapeutic Dandruff Treatment Shampoo
- 4.4-fl. oz bottle of Neutrogena T/Gel Therapeutic and Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
- Original Formula helps cleanses and provides relief from scalp itching and flaking
- T/Gel shampoo starts to work against itching and flaking after just one just
- Controls symptoms of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis
- Anti-dandruff shampoo is formulated with coal tar extract and can be used daily
- Therapeutic shampoo from a dermatologist recommended brand
- Scientific tests prove the active ingredient works for hours after the shampoo is rinsed off
- This shampoo helps maintain a healthy scalp and leave hair clean and manageable
Get lasting relief from itching and flaking with Neutrogena T/Gel Therapeutic and Anti-Dandruff Shampoo. Safe for daily use, this original formula helps control itching and flaking caused by chronic scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and even common dandruff. Scientific tests prove that coal tar extract, the active ingredient in T/Gel Shampoo Original, continues to work for hours even after the shampoo is rinsed off. This dandruff treatment starts working after just one use and you can use this therapeutic shampoo just once a week to reduce dandruff for an entire week.* From a dermatologist recommended brand, this shampoo helps maintain a healthy scalp and leaves hair clean and manageable. *Use as directed, for best results use twice a week.
T/gel When Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine.
There are no known harmful effects when this medicine is used by pregnant or breastfeeding mothers. However, as with all medicines, it should only be used on the advice of a doctor, particularly in the first trimester of pregnancy.
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How To Use Neutrogena T
Follow all directions on the product package. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medication is for use on the hair and scalp only. To avoid irritation, do not let this medication come into contact with your eyes, nose, mouth, groin, or rectum. If you do get the medication in those areas, flush the area with cool water for 15 minutes. Wash hands after use. Do not apply to broken or infected skin unless directed by your doctor.
Wet hair/scalp thoroughly. Apply a generous amount of coal tar shampoo and massage into a lather. Allow lather to remain on scalp for several minutes. Rinse thoroughly and repeat. To help keep this product out of your eyes, keep eyes closed while shampooing. Protect eyes with a washcloth or towel.
Use this product usually twice a week or as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on your medical condition, your product type/brand, and response to treatment. Do not use large amounts of this medication, use it more often, or use it for a longer period than directed. Your condition will not clear faster, but the chance for side effects may be increased.